Horses are very interesting animals; they are a part of human civilization from a very early period. Here in this article, we will discuss some interesting facts about them.
Horses are the member of the order Perissodactyla in class Mammalia.
The horse has evolved from a small multi-toed creature to a large single-toed animal over 55 million years.
They have been domesticated at around 3500 BC.
The male horse is called stallion, the female horse is called mare and the newborn is called a foal.
Foals are born with larger legs (90% of their adult length). Most of them are born at nights. After 1 hour from their birth, they can stand.
Though horses are famous for their galloping movements, there are 3 other types of movement: walk, trot, and canter. They are known for their speed and can reach up to a speed of 70 km/h. they are one of the fastest animals on this planet.
They have a very good sense of balance.
There are 150 different breeds and types of horses found in the world.
Horses sleep only two to three hours in a day. Most of the time, they sleep standing. Though they lay down it is for short time.
Unlike ruminants, their digestive system is a one-way traffic. They don’t re-chew the food particles one it reached the stomach. They can’t burp, vomit or even take breathe with their mouth.
Arabian horses have 17 ribs (one less than other horse breeds), 5 lumbar vertebrae (one less than other horse breeds) and 16 tail vertebrae (others have 18).
Horses have 64 chromosomes. They have 205 bones on average. They don’t possess the collarbone like a human.
They have the largest eye of any land animal. The eyes are laterally placed and have a 350-degree span. The external ear can rotate 180 degrees.
The hoof of a horse is like a fingernail and it constantly grows. For a domestic horse, it needs to be clipped after 5 to 6 weeks. They have 4 toes in front and 3 toes in the back foot.
Horses are measured in ‘Hands’. Their size varies from breed to breed. Their average size ranges from 14 to 18 hands.
The gestation period of a horse is approximately 340 days.
A horse can breed with a donkey. The result of their breeding is Mule (male donkey and female horse) or Hinny (male horse and female donkey).
Horses have an average lifespan of 30 to 35 years. The age of a horse can be estimated by its teeth.
Horses are herd animals. In the wild, they live in herds. The herd is usually dominated by a mare.
They are a very social animal and are more comfortable living in the company than alone. It can be very stressful for a horse to live alone. They can form companionship along with their own species and other animals including humans.
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